The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch Chandrayaan-2, its second spacecraft to the moon on July 15 at 2:51 am from the Satish Dhawan space centre in Sriharikota. This mission is aimed at landing a rover near the unexplored South Pole. According to ISRO, there is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, South Pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil record of the early Solar System, it said.
Chandrayaan-2, the Rs 1,000-crore mission, consists of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover, all equipped with scientific instruments to study the moon. The space agency has named the Lander module Vikram, after Vikram Sarabhai – the pioneer of India’s space programme – and the Rover module Pragyaan, meaning wisdom.
While the first mission was designed to just orbit the moon and make observations with instruments on board, Chandrayaan-2 is to land on the lunar planet on September 6.
For the first time in India's history, a space mission is being led by two women scientists of Indian Space Research (Isro). While Vanitha Muthayya is heading the country's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 as project director, Ritu Karidhal is the mission director.
The ‘Baahubali’ launcher
The responsibility to throttle Chandrayaan into space rests upon the shoulder of ‘Baahubali’ – the country’s heaviest and most powerful launcher to date. The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark III is a three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle developed by ISRO. The vehicle has two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage. Read More...
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