The second lunar eclipse aka chandra grahan of the year will take place on 5 June 2020. For the unversed, this is the second penumbral lunar eclipse and the first one happened on January 10. The next two penumbral lunar eclipses will occur on July 5 and November 30 respectively. Speaking of Surya Grahan or Solar Eclipse, it will occur on June 21, incidentally, on the longest day of the year.
For the uninitiated, there are three types of Lunar eclipse: Total lunar eclipse, partial lunar eclipse, and penumbral lunar eclipse. During this particular celestial event, Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon (full moon), it blocks the Sun’s rays from directly reaching the Moon. The penumbral lunar eclipse of June 2020 is also known as Strawberry Moon Eclipse. Previously, the event was referred to as Honey Moon or Mead Moon by Europeans.
During a total eclipse, the Moon passes through the darkest region of Earth's shadow, the umbra. And the moon darkens dramatically. During a partial eclipse, a portion of the Moon passes through the umbra. And during a penumbral lunar eclipse, Sun, Earth, and the Moon are not aligned properly. The moon passes through the Earth's weakest shadow, the penumbra.
In this case, the Earth blocks some of the Sun’s light from directly reaching the Moon with the penumbra. Since the penumbra is fainter than the dark core of the Earth’s shadow, a penumbral eclipse is hard to distinguish from the normal full moon. In short, Earth does not completely hide the Moon but is only partially or fully covered by the outer shadow of the planet. In Sanskrit, the event is known as Upachaya Chandra Grahan.
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